UF Ext. Service for Okaloosa County

Warm Season Wildlife Food Plots (with audio)

March 20, 2017 by Jennifer Bearden There are many ways to improve white-tailed deer habitat.  One of those ways is planting agricultural crops in food plots.  Food plots are only one component of deer habitat management.  Other components include prescribed fire, thinning pines, and promote diversity of trees, shrubs, and grasses.  Food plots are used as either attractants or supplemental ...

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Not Every Insect Needs to be Killed

March 17, 2017 by Larry Williams Be careful to not overuse pesticides. Pesticides are good tools when used properly. But overuse of pesticides in our lawns, landscapes and gardens can result in a number of problems. Insects can become resistant to insecticides when a product is repeatedly used. Because many insect species reproduce rapidly, having many generations per year, a ...

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Vaccination Failures (with audio)

March 01, 2017 by Jennifer Bearden There are several variables in the vaccination equation:  the people, the animals, and the vaccine.  All these variables work together to create immunity to diseases in our livestock.  With so many variables, things can sometimes go wrong and the animal fails to develop the desired immune response.  Put another way; the animal can get ...

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Monensin Toxicity in Horses (with audio)

February 14, 2017 by Jennifer Bearden Several cases of monensin toxicity in horses have been reported in the Southeastern U.S. over that last few months.  Monensin is an ionophore antibiotic that is commonly added to livestock feeds such as poultry and cattle feeds.  This is a safe feed additive for ruminants and poultry, but horses are very sensitive to monensin.  ...

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Pesticides And Our Foods

February 7, 2017 by Jennifer Bearden In the US, only 2% of the citizens produce our food supply.  In order to feed the world, our farmers have adopted the use of Integrated Pest Management or IPM.  IPM is the coordinated use of pest and environmental information and available pest control methods to prevent unacceptable levels of damage by the most ...

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Do Your Homework Before Choosing Fruit Trees (with audio)

February 5, 2017 by Larry Williams Many people that move to our area are disappointed to find that they have paid for, planted and cared for fruit trees that are not adapted to our climate. Weather is probably the most important factor determining where certain fruits can and cannot be grown. Most fruits which grow in the northern part of ...

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Backyard Poultry (with audio)

January 31, 2017 by Jennifer Bearden Raising chickens in your backyard is becoming a national fad.  There has been a push to change land use codes to allow for small scale poultry production in large cities and towns.  More people want to raise their own chickens for eggs and meat.  However, raising poultry is not for everyone. Before purchasing poultry, ...

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Coyotes (with audio)

December 05, 2016 by Jennifer Bearden Coyotes can be a nuisance to pet and livestock owners as well as vegetable farmers.  Coyotes are true scavengers and will eat just about anything – sheep, calves, poultry, deer, watermelons, snakes, foxes, cats, rabbits, grass, carrion, garbage, pet food… Coyotes are mainly active at night but can be seen during daylight hours close ...

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Reduce 100 Bags of Fall Leaves to Ten (with audio)

December 04, 2016 by Larry Williams Billions of leaves blanket the fall landscape and are bagged by hundreds of homeowners to be placed curbside for local trash pick-up. Many of these leaves could be easily turned into valuable mulch or compost. Why do all those fall leaves end up in bags to be discarded? It’s probably because the homeowner is ...

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Fertilizer Basics for Pastures and Hay Fields (with audio)

November 28, 2016 by Jennifer Bearden Soil fertility and plant nutrient management is an important part of agroecosystems. Agroecological approaches to soil fertility and nutrient management begin with soil testing. A soil test will tell you soil pH. Soil pH affects the availability of nutrients to the plant. Soil pH should be adjusted to the optimal level for each crop before ...

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